The recent scientific advancements have led to a sparkling development in the life science. It is not only limited to the study and in-depth research and study while, it has cemented the way for a dynamically successful career or student, who are zeal and motivated to learn more about ourselves and biological sciences. In current scenario you have seen that development of corona virus is the result of biological research whereas their treatments also develop through the tools of biological sciences. This suggest the study of life science is how much important.

The origin of life and air on the earth is miraculous mystery. This can be unfolded through life science.  The origin, evolution and biological traits of living organism can be studied in Life Sciences. In the era of scientific research and advancements, life science has emerged as an excellent career opportunity (1).  Life science is a blend of several subjects.  A variety of subjects are included in Life Science namely microbiology, virology, botany, zoology, medicine, biotechnology, ecology, genetic engineering, and environmental biology. The individual have passionate about any of above mentioned subjects can develop a dream career in Life Sciences. The career requires skilled academic qualifications and knowledge.

A variety of programmes have been developed to meet the rising demand for skilled manpower for any consequential biotechnology in the country.  The programmes are arranged and designed that gives exposure to the students toward latest exciting developments in biotechnology and their further utilization in industry, agriculture and medicine. These are the subjects of life science.  The courses and degrees offered in life sciences are graduation, post-graduation and doctorate Degrees. Additionally, diploma courses in relevant fields of Life Sciences are also available.  In India, the fees structure varies in government and private universities for the course. The students are encouraged to opt for biological sciences as a career; several councils in India gave fellowship and scholarships (2).

A person who wants to pursue the career in life science must have a science background at school level. However, the career in life science involves research; one must have an academic bent of mind. The students must have creativity, innovative and patience in their nature.  After the master level, students can go for research in life science. For this, there are several fellowship are provided to the PhD students.  These PhD should qualify the national eligibility test (NET) to pursue the research in this area and government provided fellowship for their research tenure. The government council such as Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Department of biotechnology (DBT) and Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) give fellowship and house rent allowance to the research student for life science research.  The fellowship is provided in as junior research fellowship for initial two years of PhD which is further converted into senior research fellowship for following three years.  The CSIR conducted the NET exam twice a year whereas DBT, ICMR and ICAR conducted the entrance exam for PhD once in a year.  The students that have good track record and good publication in their PhD can go for post doctoral research in India as well as in abroad.  The post doctoral students also provided with fellowship and house rent allowance to carry out the research for minimum two years and may be extended for one years. There are other positions in research institute are also available such as research associate, research assistant and project fellow for the students.

Life Science is the subject that offers an ample number of subjects that consist of in-depth study and research. Furthermore, employment opportunities in life science are available in both government and private sectors.  The jobs are different at different levels for example, If you have graduate in life science, then individual can go for technician job in the industry and research institution whereas if you have master degree in life sciences, there are several opportunities are open as per your interest for example research assistant, technical officer in lab and industry as well as student can go for research after qualifying NET examination.  Lastly, after PhD in life sciences, student can get a job as a scientist, assistant professor and research officer in government and private sectors. In industry there as several post namely production manager, quality control managers etc are available for life science students. The students are eligible for these posts after either their masters or PhD in life sciences.

Content Writer: Dr Anupma Sharma



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