Onion is Allium cepa– belonging to Liliaceae family. It is a bulbous plant with the bulbs being produced annually. The leaves are semi-cylindrical or tubular. They have a waxy coating on the surface and emerge from a subterranean bulb that bears short, branched roots. The stem grows upto 200 cm in height. Flowers appear at the tip of the stem and are greenish-white in color. The bulb has several layers of overlapping surfaces around a central core and it can expand upto 10 cm in diameter.
Onions Benefits :
- Onion contains vitamin C along with the phytochemicals present in onions helps construct immunity
- Raw onion is known to lower the production of LDL and lowers the cholesterol.
- Onion has vitamin C, B6, manganese, potassium, Phytonutrients, and a wallop of antioxidants including flavonoids – quercetin and Sulphuric compound.
- Chromium, also present in this root vegetable, may help regulate blood sugar.
- Onion juice and with Honey is effective as a cure for fever, common cold, allergies, etc.
- One of the important property of onion is that if someone Keep a small piece of onion under the nostrils and inhale, to stop or slow down a nose bleed.
- Onion also works as anti depressant: Folate in onions also helps with depression and aids sleep and appetite.
- Antibacterial, Antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties of onions have been proven. One study also suggested that freshly chopped raw onions have these anti-influenzal properties (Lee JB, Miyake S, Umetsu R, Hayashi K, Chijimatsu T, Hayashi T. Anti-influenza A virus effects of fructan from Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L.). Food Chem. 2012 Oct 15;134(4):2164-8. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.04.016. Epub 2012 Apr 13. PMID: 23442670; PMCID: PMC7173106.)
- Onion also helps for oral health; Raw onions improve our oral health They help eliminate bacteria that can lead to tooth decay and gum issues
- Onions are super-rich in anti-inflammatory, antioxidant flavonoids – quercetin that guards the bone against free radical damage. It also prevents the bone from breaking down (osteoclast). The presence of Sulphur compounds allicin in onions works to strengthen the collagen in the bone. Women who included more onions in their regimen had better bone density and reduced risk of hip fracture
Hot Onion Tea
- Onion (cut into small pieces)
- Cloves garlic
- Bay leaf
Method (Add ingredient as per your requirement)
- Boil water
- Add pieces of Onion
- Add garlic cloves, bay leaf and cloves
- When colour water change to brown sieve it and add Honey as per your need.
Onion tea is effective in fighting flu, cough, and high blood pressure as well. The flavonoids in in onions can produce antioxidants in the blood which in turn improve the immunity
You can grow organic Onions in your kitchen gardens and backyards.If you will use inhouse onions their immunomodulatory effects will be more
Method of cultivation: Onions in your backyard or kitchen garden
- Onion seeds: source them from a nursery or buy them online.
- Grow Bags
- Organic fertilisers
- Cow dung
- Step 1: Soak the onion seeds in water for one day. Drain and keep them in the open for the next 2-3 days. Later, sow the seeds in the soil in a tray.
- Step 2: The seeds take about 6-8 weeks to sprout. In the meanwhile, prepare the place where you intend to sow the saplings. It could be your balcony, backyard or a grow bag. You will need fertilisers to nourish the plant. While farmers use cow dung, urea, ‘Rajphos’ and potash, you can avoid going down the chemical route and use organic fertilizer instead.
- Step 3: Monitor the saplings on the tray. Water regularly to ensure the soil is moist to facilitate growth. Once the saplings in your tray sprout, plant them in the demarcated space.
- Step 4: These have to be 15 cm apart. So the bulbs have enough space to grow and not hinder each other’s growth.
- Step 5:You will know that the plant is ready when the tops of onions are visible above the soil. Once the leaves begin to shrivel, you can pull out the bulbs from the soil.
- Step 6: Leave them for three days. Then, cut off the leaves one centimetre from the bulbs. The leaves too can be cooked, once they are left under mild sunlight to dry.